Top 8 most common childhood illnesses – and best way to treat them quickly

By Staff 7 Min Read

An expert has shared their opinion on a number of childhood diseases and how concerned parents may be able to deal with them, with simple over the counter medicines

A number of childhood illnesses are on the rise and a doctor has shared tips on how to treat them.

Nobody enjoys getting the likes of coughs, colds and vomiting, although they thankfully usually only hang around for a few days. Some conditions will work their way through people’s system, while others need a little help from over the counter medicines or vaccines to stop them recurring.

A doctor has taken a look at a number of common illnesses, and given advice on what fretting parents should do about them.


Measles is a disease which can spread easily and is passed on through coughing, sneezing or being close to somebody who is ill. The virus can stay alive and infect others for up to two hours in the air and on things like door handles. Infected people can pass it on from four days before a rash shows, to four days after it comes up. The number of measles cases is growing across the country, according to recent figures .

The best way to fight measles is to avoid getting it in the first place by organising a vaccination.


Whether they are chesty and produce mucus or are irritating and dry, coughs are our bodies attempting to stop our lungs being damaged from something we breathe in, Dr Roger Henderson told the Sun.

Several over the counter medicines are available but coughs can last several days.


The average person can expect to have three common colds each year, though they are most vulnerable during the winter months.

Gargling salt and water will help ease a sore throat, a common symptom with a cold. It can also help kill bacteria, ease pain, and loosen mucus. For those wanting to relieve their blocked noses, try some decongestant medicines.

Sore throat

As many of us know all too well, a sore throat can pretty much ruin your day, with the pain and irritation leaving unlucky sufferers unable to concentrate on anything else. Also known as pharyngitis, is a broad term used to describe the inflammation of the throat, typically resulting from viral infections such as the common cold or flu. A sore throat usually heals within a week and may have milder symptoms than strep throat.


A fever suggests a child has an infection and causes a high temperature of more than 38C, chills, shivers, sweats and red skin. They are very common and medicines such as paracetamol and ibuprofen should do the trick.

Block noses

Nasal congestion is one of the most common symptoms of a cold, alongside a sore throat and a persistent cough. Nasal sprays, steam inhalation, and decongestants are the most popular remedies people are turning to as they attempt to relieve their congestion


Chickenpox is an infection that is caused by a germ called varicella-zoster virus. It causes a skin rash and can appear anywhere on the body. Most people get the virus when they are young or if they haven’t had the chickenpox jab. Once you’ve had chickenpox, you won’t catch it again from someone else. If you are not vaccinated you can get it at any time. Adults who get chickenpox may become very sick.


Diarrhoea symptoms include abdominal pains and is sometimes caused by a stomach bug or possibly food poisoning. It usually clears up in a few days.


Whilst gross, vomiting is our body attempting to get rid of something from our bodies we don’t want to be there.

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